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Working with symptoms of a respiratory infection: Staff who care for high-risk individuals

  • Sherri LaVela
    Correspondence
    Address correspondence to Sherri LaVela, MPH, MBA, Center for Management of Complex Chronic Care, PO Box 5000 (151V), Hines, IL 60141.
    Affiliations
    Spinal Cord Injury Quality Enhancement Research Initiative, Department of Veterans Affairs, Edward Hines Jr. VA Hospital, Hines, Illinois

    Center for Management of Complex Chronic Care, Edward Hines Jr. VA Hospital, Hines, Illinois

    University of Illinois at Chicago School of Public Health, Center for Research on Health and Aging, Chicago, Illinois
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  • Barry Goldstein
    Affiliations
    Spinal Cord Injury Quality Enhancement Research Initiative, Department of Veterans Affairs, Edward Hines Jr. VA Hospital, Hines, Illinois

    Spinal Cord Injury and Disorders Strategic Healthcare Group, VA Puget Sound Healthcare System, and Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington
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  • Bridget Smith
    Affiliations
    Spinal Cord Injury Quality Enhancement Research Initiative, Department of Veterans Affairs, Edward Hines Jr. VA Hospital, Hines, Illinois

    Center for Management of Complex Chronic Care, Edward Hines Jr. VA Hospital, Hines, Illinois
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  • Frances M. Weaver
    Affiliations
    Spinal Cord Injury Quality Enhancement Research Initiative, Department of Veterans Affairs, Edward Hines Jr. VA Hospital, Hines, Illinois

    Center for Management of Complex Chronic Care, Edward Hines Jr. VA Hospital, Hines, Illinois

    Neurology Department and Institute for Healthcare Studies, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois
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      Background

      While many health care workers (HCWs) who have respiratory infections take sick leave, others work following illness onset. Little is known about attendance practices of HCWs caring for persons with spinal cord injuries (SCI), a group at high risk for respiratory complications.

      Methods

      Cross-sectional survey of HCWs. Logistic regression identified factors associated with having a respiratory infection and examined if awareness of facility level institutional control measures and/or individual level factors influenced working while symptomatic.

      Results

      Response rate was 53% (n = 820). Respiratory infections were reported by 36%; of those, 86% attended work while symptomatic. HCWs aged 50 and above were less likely (odds ratio [OR] 0.58, P = 0.003) and those with a chronic condition were more likely (OR 2.24, P < 0.000) to have had a respiratory infection. HCWs who indicated that their facility institutes droplet precautions (OR 0.42, P = 0.034), restricts staff movement between wards, (OR 0.26, P = 0.002), and restricts contact between patients (OR 0.32, P = 0.009) were significantly less likely to work while symptomatic.

      Conclusions

      It is alarming that 86% of HCWs attended work while symptomatic, given the consequences that respiratory infection can have on persons with SCI. HCW awareness of outbreak control measures within their facilities appeared to influence their attendance decisions, suggesting the importance of policy placement and information dissemination.
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