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Pandemic 2009 H1N1 influenza among health care workers

Published:January 02, 2013DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2012.08.012
      To evaluate factors associated with pandemic influenza among health care workers (HCWs), a case-case-control study was conducted with 52 confirmed cases, 120 influenza-negative cases, and 102 controls. Comorbidities (odds ratio [OR], 19.05; 95% confidence interval [95% CI]: 4.75–76.41), male sex (OR, 5.11; 95% CI: 1.80–14.46), and being a physician (OR, 8.58; 95% CI: 2.52–29.27) were independent risk factors for pandemic influenza infection among HCWs. Contact with symptomatic coworker or social contact was protective (OR, 0.11; 95% CI: 0.04–0.29). To our knowledge, this is the first study of factors associated with acquiring influenza involving HCW in nonsevere cases.

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