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Risk of medical sharps injuries among Chinese nurses

      The risk of occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens is a serious problem for Chinese health care workers. China has one of the highest rates of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in the world, with almost 58% of the population demonstrating serologic evidence of past or present hepatitis B infection.
      • Yao GB
      Importance of perinatal versus horizontal transmission of hepatitis B virus infection in China.
      • Clayton S
      • Yang H
      • Guan J
      • Lin Z
      • Wang R
      Hepatitis B control in China: knowledge and practices among village doctors.
      This proportion reaches more than 76% in Hunan Province.
      Hepatitis C virus is also present, with a prevalence of 3.2% for the total Chinese population and 4% in Hunan.
      In addition, the prevalence of HIV is rising. All of these bloodborne pathogens represent a significant health risk to medical personnel.
      • Chen X
      • He J
      • Wu H
      A sero-epidemiological and behavior factors study of HIV, HCV, HBV, and syphilis infection among commercial blood donors.
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        Importance of perinatal versus horizontal transmission of hepatitis B virus infection in China.
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