Of viruses, gloves, and crêpes

      Dr. V. Wiwanitkit should be commended for his attempt to estimate some bloodborne viral pathogens' (HIV, hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, and hepatitis D virus) ability to pass through gloves, based on a consideration at the nanostructure level (AJIC 2006,34;(6):400). Unfortunately, the size of pre-use glove pores in relation to that of the viruses is far from being the main parameter involved in gloves providing adequate protection to personnel and patients during health care.
      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'


      Subscribe to American Journal of Infection Control
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect


        • Nelson J.R.
        • Roming T.A.
        • Bennett J.K.
        A whole-glove method for the evaluation of surgical gloves as barriers to viruses.
        Am J Contact Dermat. 1999; 10: 183-189
        • Korniewicz D.M.
        • El-Masri M.M.
        • Broyles J.M.
        • Martin C.D.
        • O'Connell K.P.
        A laboratory-based study to assess the performance of surgical gloves.
        AORN J. 2003; 77: 772-779
        • Gerberding J.L.
        • Littell C.
        • Tarkington A.
        • Brown A.
        • Schecter W.P.
        Risk of exposure of surgical personnel to patients' blood during surgery at San Francisco General Hospital.
        N Engl J Med. 1990; 322: 1788-1793
        • Wright J.G.
        • McGeer A.J.
        • Chyatte D.
        • Ransohoff D.F.
        Mechanisms of glove tear and sharps injuries among surgical personnel.
        JAMA. 1991; 266: 1668-1671
        • Bennett B.
        • Duff P.
        The effect of double gloving on frequency of glove perforations.
        Obstet Gynecol. 1991; 78: 1019-1021
        • Bennett N.T.
        • Howard R.J.
        Quantity of blood inoculated in a needlestick injury from suture needles.
        J Am Coll Surg. 1994; 178: 107-110
        • Tanner J.
        • Parkinson H.
        Double gloving to reduce surgical cross-infection.
        Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2002; (3):CD003087
        • Danchaivijijr S.
        • Tangtrakool T.
        • Chokloikaew S.
        • Thanilikitkul V.
        Universal precautions: costs for protective equipment.
        Am J Infect Control. 2001; 25: 44-50
        • Tarantola A.
        • Rachline A.
        Surveillance and training, not postexposure prophylaxis, are the basis for the prevention of occupational infection by blood-borne pathogens in developing countries.
        J Hosp Infect. 2005; 60: 91-92
        • Tarantola A.
        • Koumare A.
        • Rachline A.
        • Sow P.S.
        • Diallo M.B.
        • Doumbia S.
        • et al.
        A descriptive, retrospective study of 567 accidental blood exposures in healthcare workers in three West African countries.
        J Hosp Infect. 2005; 60: 276-282