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- HW in Finland.J Hosp Infect. 1991; 18: 35-40
- A multicenter questionnaire investigation of attitudes toward hand hygiene, assessed by staff in fifteen hospitals in Denmark and Norway.Am J Infect Control. 1992; 20: 58-64
Danish Standards Association. Infection control in the health care sector 2002. Part 2: requirements for hand washing practice for the prevention of nosocomial infections. DS 2451–2. Charlottenlund, Denmark: Danish Standards Association, 2002. p. 1-27.
- Effective hand hygiene in day-care centres.Dan J Nurs. 2004; 104: 22-24
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The National Board of Health. Hygiejne I Daginstitutioner. Anbefalinger om forebyggelse og sundhedsfremme for børn inden for hygiejne, miljø og sikkerhed. 2008, 3. edit. 1. print.
- Effect of hand sanitizer use on elementary school absenteeism.Am J Infect Control. 2000; 28: 340-346
- Healthy hands: use of alcohol gel as an adjunct to hand washing in elementary school children.J Sch Nurs. 2004; 20: 161-167
- The effect of a comprehensive HW program on absenteeism in elementary schools.Am J Infect Control. 2002; 30: 217-220
- The effect of hand hygiene on illness rate among students in university residence halls.Am J Infect Control. 2003; 31: 364-370
- A randomised, controlled trial of a multifaceted intervention including alcohol-based hand sanitizer and hand-hygiene education to reduce illness transmission in the home.Pediatrics. 2005; 116: 587-594
- A systematic review of the effectiveness of antimicrobial rinse-free hand sanitizers for prevention of illness-related absenteeism in elementary school children.BMC Public Health. 2004; 4 ((Available from:) ()): 50
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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Avian influenza. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/flu/avian/index.htm. Accessed April 22, 2010.
- Does the clinical use of ethanol-based hand sanitizer elevate blood alcohol levels? A prospective study.Am J Emerg Med. 2006; 24: 815-817
- Alcohol-based hand sanitizer: can frequent use cause an elevated blood alcohol level?.Am J Infect Control. 2006; 34: 150-151
- Dermal absorption of isopropyl alcohol from a commercial hand rub: implications of its use in hand decontamination.J Hosp Infect. 2004; 56: 287-290
- Can alcohol-based hand-rub solutions cause you to lose yours driver’s license? Comparative cutaneous absorption of various alcohols.Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2007; 51: 1107-1108
- What are the reasons for elementary school absenteeism? How often do pupils wash their hands during school hours?.Dan J Nurs. 2008; 108: 50-57
- Mandatory handwashing in elementary schools reduces absenteeism due to infectious illness among pupils: a pilot intervention study.Am J Infect Control. 2009; 37: 820-826
- Influence of role models and hospital design on hand hygiene of health care workers.Emerg Infect Dis. 2003; 9: 217-223
- Comparing hand washing to hand sanitizers in reducing elementary school students’ absenteeism.Pediatr Nurs. 2007; 33: 368-372
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World Health Organization. WHO guidelines on hand hygiene in health care. First global patient safety challenge clean care is safer care. 2006 valid until 2011. Available from: http://www.who.int/gpsc/en/. Accessed February 13, 2010.
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- Cost analysis of hand hygiene using antimicrobial soap and water versus an alcohol-based hand rub.J Contemp Dent Pract. 2006; 7: 2037-2045
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Only grants from public trusts have been received. Sterisol A/S, Poul-Erik Øhlenschlæger, defrayed additional costs at the IS by sponsoring disinfection solution and dispensers.
Conflicts of interest: None to report.