Microfiber and steam for environmental cleaning during an outbreak

      We report an outbreak of norovirus gastroenteritis occurring concurrently over two wards. Environmental cleaning was managed using two different methodologies: one ward utilized the traditional 2-step method, the other using microfiber-steam technology. Environmental cleaning using the microfiber-steam technology proved to be an effective and efficient cleaning methodology, appropriate for use during an outbreak situation.

      Key Words

      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'


      Subscribe to American Journal of Infection Control
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect


        • Wu H.
        • Fornek M.
        • Schwab K.
        • Chapin A.
        • Gibson K.
        • Schwab E.
        • et al.
        A norovirus outbreak at a long-term-care facility: the role of environmental surface contamination.
        Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2005; 26: 802-810
      1. Victorian Department of Health. A guide for the management and control of gastroenteritis outbreaks in aged care, special care, health care and residential care facilities. Available from:$FILE/Industry-guide-Care-web2.pdf. Accessed December 2012.

        • Gillespie E.
        • Wilson J.
        • Lovegrove A.
        • Scott C.
        • Abernethy M.
        • Kotsanas D.
        • et al.
        Environment cleaning without chemicals in clinical settings.
        Am J Infect Control. 2013; 41 (Available from:) (Accessed December 2012): 461-463
      2. National Health and Medical Research Council. Australian guidelines for the prevention and control of infection in healthcare. 2010. Available from: Accessed December 2012.

      3. World Health Organisation. WHO guidelines on hand hygiene in healthcare. Available from: Accessed December 2012.

        • Marks P.
        • Vipond I.
        • Carlisle D.
        • Deakin D.
        • Fey R.
        • Caul E.
        Evidence for airborne transmission of Norwalk-like virus (NLV) in a hotel restaurant.
        Epidemiol Infect. 2000; 124: 481-487
        • Gillespie E.
        • Scott C.
        • Wilson J.
        • Stuart R.
        Pilot study to measure cleaning effectiveness in health care.
        Am J Infect Control. 2012; 40: 477-478
        • Barker J.
        • Vipond I.
        • Bloomfield S.
        Effects of cleaning and disinfection in reducing the spread of Norovirus contamination via environmental surfaces.
        J Hosp Infect. 2004; 58: 42-49