Audits of the quality of perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis in Shandong Province, China, 2006 to 2011

Published:March 24, 2014DOI:


      A prospective multicenter survey was conducted to assess the rational use of antibiotics in clean and clean-contaminated elective surgical procedures applied in 53 grade III first class hospitals in Shandong Province, China, from 2006 to 2011. The survey was designed to examine the prevalence of antibiotic prophylaxis, evaluate the quality of perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis (PAP) prescriptions, and investigate the risk factors associated with inappropriate indication for antibiotic prophylaxis.


      Medication charts and medical, anesthetic, and nursing records were reviewed. Antibiotic prescriptions were compared with the Chinese National Antibiotic Guideline on indication, antibiotic combination, antibiotic choice, dose, dosing interval, route of administration, timing of first administration, and duration of prophylaxis.


      14,261 of 14,525 procedures (98.2%) receiving antibiotic prophylaxis. The most frequently encountered noncompliance types were PAP indications (18.6%), duration of prophylaxis (26.7%), and timing of first administration (30.3%). The steps of PAP were justified and correct only in 9.4% of procedures. Risk factors independently associated with inappropriate indication for antibiotic prophylaxis were seen in age, hospital type, hospital size, surgical disciplines, and surgical duration.


      Results showed a significantly high rate of antibiotic prophylaxis in clean and clean-contaminated elective surgery and also a high prevalence of inappropriate indication prescriptions. These findings suggest important areas for intervention and implementation of antibiotic stewardship policies in Shandong Province hospitals.

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