Major article| Volume 42, ISSUE 11, P1146-1151, November 2014

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A multifactorial action plan improves hand hygiene adherence and significantly reduces central line–associated bloodstream infections


      Although hand hygiene (HH) is key to reducing health care–associated infections, it is well documented that health care worker (HCW) adherence to appropriate HH protocols is relatively low.


      This was a collaborative quality improvement project with multiple interventions conducted in a 570-bed academic hospital in Columbia, MO between April 2006 and September 2012. A multimodal action plan to improve HH adherence among all HCWs was developed, addressing 4 key areas: staff education, staff accountability, hand sanitizer product selection and accessibility, and organizational culture. HH adherence and central line–associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) rates were monitored as outcome measures.


      The overall HH adherence rate increased from 58% in April 2006 to 98% in September 2012. The adherence rates increased among all hospital units and among all HCW categories; in September 2012, HH adherence was 96% for physicians, 99% for nursing staff, and 99% for food services staff. CLABSI rates decreased over the same period, from 4.08 per 1000 device-days to 0.42 per 1000 device-days.


      This multifactorial quality improvement project resulted in an institution-wide increase in HH adherence and a significant decrease in CLABSIs.

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