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Integrated measures for prevention of invasive Candida infections in preterm infants in a Chinese neonatal intensive care unit

Published:September 24, 2015DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2015.07.011

      Background

      The increasing incidence of invasive Candida infections (ICIs) in preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of Xinhua Hospital aroused our concern. We undertook a retrospective study to evaluate the efficacy of different preventive measures for ICI in preterm infants.

      Methods

      Preterm infants with gestational age (GA) <33 weeks admitted between 2010 and 2013 were divided into 3 groups according to the preventive measures applied in different periods: the control group (CG), fluconazole group (FG), and integrated measures group (IMG). We analyzed the incidence of ICI and distribution of fungal pathogens in these 3 groups, and also evaluated the efficiency of various measures in preventing ICIs in preterm infants.

      Results

      The study sample comprised 261 preterm infants born at <33 weeks GA, including 94 in the CG, 99 in the FG, and 68 in the IMG. The differences among the groups were not significant at baseline. ICI developed in 41 of the 261 infants (15.7%). The incidence of ICI varied significantly among the groups: 22.3% in the CG (21/94), 18.2% in the FG (18/99), and only 2.9% in the IMG (2/68) (P = .003). ICI was less frequent in the IMG compared with the CG (P <.001) and the FG (P = .003).

      Conclusions

      The integrated measures approach is meaningful for the prevention of ICIs in preterm infants in NICUs with many patients but inadequate medical resources in some developing countries.

      Key Words

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