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Sustainability of a program for continuous reduction of catheter-associated urinary tract infection

Published:January 29, 2016DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2015.11.037

      Highlights

      • Prevention of catheter-associated urinary tract infection demands the engagement of a multidisciplinary team.
      • Strategies to prevent catheter-associated urinary tract infection need to be implemented in hospital settings, especially in intensive care unit and step-down unit patients.
      • We deployed a catheter insertion team to prevent catheter-associated urinary tract infection in our intensive care unit and step-down unit patients.

      Background

      Urinary tract infections account for 8%-21% of health care–associated infections; of these, 80% are associated with the use of a urinary catheter.

      Methods

      A quasi-experimental study was conducted in 2 medical-surgical intensive care units (ICUs) with 48 beds and 3 step-down units (SDUs) with 95 beds in a private tertiary care hospital in Sao Paulo, Brazil. The study had 3 phases over a 9-year period to determine the sustainability of a program for continuous reduction of catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI).

      Results

      Over the 3 phases of the study, rates of CAUTI in the ICUs fell from 7.0 to 3.5 to 0.9 infections per 1,000 catheter days. In the SDUs, CAUTI rates decreased from 14.9 to 6.6 to 1.0 per 1,000 catheter days. Comparisons of CAUTI rates in the 3 study phases, both in the ICUs and SDUs, showed significant reductions both between the 3 periods and in all possible combinations of analysis phases (all P < .001).

      Conclusions

      These results suggest that it is possible to reduce CAUTI rates to near zero and sustain these rates, but it requires a multidisciplinary team with different strategies that require continuous monitoring.

      Key Words

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