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Hawthorne Effect in Hand Hygiene Compliance Rates

      BACKGROUND: The Hawthorne Effect (HE) impedes the validity of capturing true human behavior such that individuals modify performance during observation. The Infection Prevention (IP) department wanted to measure differences in hospital hand hygiene (HH) compliance rates dependent on the familiarity of known observers to the unit/department (U/D) staff. Detecting a difference in HH compliance rates while controlling for the methodology of collecting observation data might lend support to the validity of the HE.
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