- •We assessed the outcome of bacteremia in an intensive care unit using matching by propensity scores.
- •Intensive care unit patients with bacteremia had higher mortality and length of stay than controls.
- •We also assessed the relationship between systemic inflammatory response syndrome criteria and blood culture result in an intensive care unit.
- •There was no relationship between systemic inflammatory response syndrome and blood culture status.
- •A decision rule tool based on systemic inflammatory response syndrome criteria met cannot predict blood culture result.
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Conflicts of Interest: None to report.
Author Contributions: D.B. was the principal investigator and had access to all of the data in the study. Conception and design of the study was carried out by D.B., A.S., D.Y., and M.G.B. Analysis and interpretation of the data were performed by D.B. and R.F. The first draft of the manuscript was prepared by D.B. D.B., A.S., D.Y. and M.G.B. critically reviewed the manuscript for important intellectual content.