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Stepwise intervention including 1-on-1 counseling is highly effective in increasing influenza vaccination among health care workers

Published:January 04, 2017DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2016.11.012

      Highlights

      • Stepwise intervention is an effective way in increasing influenza vaccination rates.
      • Nonmandatory policy increased influenza vaccination rate significantly.
      • One-on-one counseling of doctors improved the vaccination rate.

      Background

      The influenza vaccination rate among health care workers (HCWs) remains suboptimal. We attempted to increase vaccine uptake in HCWs by nonmandatory measures, including 1-on-1 counseling.

      Methods

      In 2015 we used a stepwise approach including (1) text messaging on the last day of the vaccination period, (2) extending the vaccination period by 3 days, (3) education for the low uptake group, and (4) 1-on-1 counseling for unvaccinated HCWs after the 3 interventions.

      Results

      There were 1,433 HCWs included. By the end of the initial 3 days, the uptake rate was 80.0% (1,146/1,433). During an extension for a further 3 days, 33 additional HCWs received the vaccine. One month after starting the vaccination, 90.1% (1,291/1,433) of the HCWs were vaccinated, but this included only 76.1% (210/276) of the doctors (lowest among HCWs). After 3 educational presentations targeted at the unvaccinated doctors, no additional individuals were vaccinated in the following 2 weeks. After 1-on-1 counseling for unvaccinated HCWs, the overall vaccination rate increased to 94.7% (1,357/1,433) in 2015, higher than in the previous year (82.5%, P < .001). Of the unvaccinated doctors, 63.2% (43/68) were vaccinated, therefore achieving 92.4% (255/276) compliance, higher than the 56.5% in the previous year (152/269, P < .001).

      Conclusions

      Stepwise intervention including 1-on-1 counseling is effective in increasing influenza vaccination rates among HCWs.

      Key Words

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