- •Knowledge of existing infection control measures does not imply adherence, particularly when time-based practices and time estimation are necessary aspects of the practice.
- •Institution of timing devices is an effective tool in increasing adherence to time-based–dependent practices.
- •We demonstrated these findings for the hub care of both venous catheters and feeding tubes.
- •Aids that qualify specific times to account for human factors should be implemented to ensure adherence to time-dependent measures aimed at decreasing nosocomial infections.
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Funding/support: Supported in part by the University of Virginia Quality and Safety and the Cardinal Health Foundation .
Conflicts of interest: None to report.
Disclaimer: The funding sources had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.