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Does Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Active Surveillance and Contact Precautions Decrease the Incidence of Healthcare Onset Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus?

      BACKGROUND: Does Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) active surveillance testing (AST) and contact precautions (CP) decrease the incidence of healthcare onset (HO) MRSA? MRSA AST is utilized to prevent transmission of MRSA in various healthcare environments. AST processes vary based upon facilities' MRSA risk assessment and transmission prevention plans. The 2007 Guideline for Isolation Precautions: Preventing Transmission of Infectious Agents in Healthcare Settings, Appendix A, recommends CP for MRSA colonization. However, research shows that CP decrease caregiver to patient contact and decrease patient satisfaction.
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