- •Acinetobacter spp are more likely to be isolated from anesthesia provider hands.
- •Enterobacter spp are more likely to be isolated from patient skin sites.
- •Klebsiella, Acinetobacter, Pseudomonas, and Enterobacter epidemiologically related transmission events often involve anesthesia provider hands.
- •Klebsiella, Acinetobacter, Pseudomonas, and Enterobacter pathogens are frequently transmitted between operating room environments.
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Funding/support: Supported by The University of Iowa and Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center .
Conflicts of interest: R.W.L. is a shareholder in RDB Bioinformatics, LLC, has one or more patents pending, and has received research funding from Sage and B.Braun Medical Inc. No other conflicts to report.
Author contributions: B.H. helped conduct the study, analyze the data, and write the manuscript; H.M.P. helped conduct the study; and R.W.L. helped design the study, conduct the study, analyze the data, and write the manuscript. All authors approved the final version of the manuscript.