- •Intraoperative Staphylococcus aureus multilocus sequence type 5 is hypertransmissible and pathogenic.
- •Intraoperative provider hands and patient skin surfaces are confirmed sources of sequence type 5 transmission.
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Funding/support: Supported by the University of Iowa.
Author contributions: R.W.L. helped design the study, conduct the study, analyze the data, and write the manuscript. F.D. helped analyze the data and write the manuscript. A.D.M.R. helped conduct the study. All authors approved the final version of the manuscript.
Conflicts of interest: R.W.L. reported research funding from Sage Medical Inc., has one or more patents pending, and is a shareholder in RDB Bioinformatics, LLC, and 1055 N 115th St #301, Omaha, NE 68154. A.D.M.R. and F.D. have no conflicts of interest.