Purchase one-time access:Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
One-time access price info
- For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
- For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'
Subscribe:Subscribe to American Journal of Infection Control
- Burden of Clostridium difficile infection in the United States.N Engl J Med. 2015; 372: 825-834
- Role of the hospital environment in disease transmission with a focus on Clostridium difficile in hospital air.Healthc Infect. 2013; 18: 14-22
Lucado J, Gould C, Elixhauser A. Clostridium difficile infections (CDI) in hospital stays, 2009. Available from: https://www.hcup-us.ahrq.gov/reports/statbriefs/sb124.pdf. Accessed March 2, 2017.
- Isolation of Clostridium difficile from the environment and contacts of patients with antibiotic-associated colitis.J Infect Dis. 1981; 143: 42-50
- Role of hospital surfaces in the transmission of emerging health care-associated pathogens: norovirus, Clostridium difficile, and Acinetobacter species.Am J Infect Control. 2010; 38: 25-33
- Evidence that contaminated surfaces contribute to the transmission of hospital pathogens and an overview of strategies to address contaminated surfaces in hospital settings.Am J Infect Control. 2013; 41: 6-11
- Role of the environment in the transmission of Clostridium difficile in health care facilities.Am J Infect Control. 2013; 41: 105-110
- Aerial dissemination of Clostridium difficile spores.BMC Infect Dis. 2008; 8: 7
- The potential for airborne dispersal of Clostridium difficile from symptomatic patients.Clin Infect Dis. 2010; 50: 1450-1457
- Potential for aerosolization of Clostridium difficile after flushing toilets: the role of toilet lids in reducing environmental contamination risk.J Hosp Inf. 2011; 80: 1-5
- Microbiological hazards of household toilets: droplet production and the fate of residual organisms.Appl Microbiol. 1975; 30: 229-237
- Survival of Salmonella in bathrooms and toilets in domestic homes following salmonellosis.J Appl Microbiol. 2000; 89: 137-144
- The potential spread of infection caused by aerosol contamination of surfaces after flushing a domestic toilet.J Appl Microbiol. 2005; 99: 339-347
- Persistence of bowl water contamination during sequential flushes of contaminated toilets.J Environ Health. 2017; 80: 34-49
- Lifting the lid on toilet plume aerosol: a literature review with suggestions for future research.Am J Infect Control. 2013; 41: 254-258
- Aerosol generation by modern flush toilets.Aerosol Sci and Technol. 2013; 47: 1047-1057
- Evaluation of a chromogenic culture medium for isolation of Clostridium difficile within 24 hours.J Clin Microbiol. 2010; 48: 3852-3858
- New selective medium for isolating Clostridium difficile from faeces.J Clin Pathol. 1992; 45: 812-814
- Comparison of media for the isolation of Clostridium difficile from fecal specimens.Lab Med. 1991; : 335-338
- Comparison of cycloserine-cefoxitin-fructose agar (CCFA) and taurocholate-CCFA for recovery of Clostridium difficile during surveillance of hospitalized patients.Diagn Microbiol Inf Dis. 1997; 29: 1-4
- Effect of antibiotic concentration in a selective medium on the isolation of Clostridium difficile from faecal specimens.J Clin Pathol. 1985; 38: 233-234
- Comparison of five cultural procedures for isolation of Clostridium difficile from stools.J Clin Microbiol. 1992; 30: 514-516
- Comparison of methods for recovery of Clostridium difficile from an environmental surface.J Clin Microbiol. 1983; : 348-352
- Infective hazards of water-closets.Lancet. 1959; 1: 1196-1200
- Microbiology of hospital toilets.Lancet. 1972; 300: 700-703
- Reduction of microbial aerosols by automatic toilet bowl cleaners.J Environ Health. 1992; 55: 32-34
- Confidence intervals for the expectation of a Poisson variable.Biometrika. 1959; 46: 441-453
- Comparison of two sampling methods for the detection of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria in the environment: moistened swabs versus RODAC plates.Intl J Hyg Environ Health. 2001; 203: 245-248
- Use of purified Clostridium difficile spores to facilitate evaluation of health care disinfection regimens.Appl Environ Microbiol. 2010; 76: 895-900
Funding/support: This work was supported by the National Institute of Occupational and Safety Health (training grant T03OH008614-13) .
Conflicts of interest: None to report.