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Ten-year surveillance of central line–associated bloodstream infections in South Korea: Surveillance not enough, action needed

Published:September 05, 2019DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2019.07.020

      Highlights

      • Central line-associated bloodstream infections are important and preventable healthcare-associated infections.
      • Participation in continous national surveillance leads to a significant reduction of CLABSIs.
      • Further improvements in policy support for hospitals lacking infection control resources are needed.

      Background

      Central line–associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) are preventable health care–associated infections that can lead to increased mortality. Therefore, we investigated trends in CLABSI rates, and the factors associated with changing trends over a 10-year period using the Korean National Healthcare-associated Infections Surveillance System (KONIS).

      Methods

      We investigated annual CLABSI rates from 2006 to 2015 in 190 KONIS-participating intensive care units (ICUs) from 107 participating hospitals. We collected data associated with hospital and ICU characteristics and analyzed trends using generalized autoregressive moving average models.

      Results

      The CLABSI pooled mean rate decreased from 3.40 in 2006 to 2.20 in 2015 (per 1,000 catheter-days). The trend analysis also showed a significant decreasing trend in CLABSI rates in unadjusted models (annual increase, –0.137; P < .001). After adjusting for hospital and ICU characteristics, significant decreasing trends were identified (annual increase, –0.109; P < .001). However, there were no significant changes in subgroups with non-university-affiliated hospitals, hospitals in metropolitan areas near Seoul, small hospitals (300-699 beds), or surgical ICUs.

      Conclusions

      In South Korea, CLABSI rates have shown significant reductions in the past 10 years with participation in the KONIS. However, CLABSI rates may be reduced by encouraging more hospitals to participate in the KONIS and by improved policy support for hospitals lacking infection control resources.

      Key Words

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