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Asking Another Way: One Health System's Experience with Assessing Ultrasound Probe Reprocessing Risks

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      Background

      It is vital to understand the range of use for an instrument before asking how it is reprocessed. During a mock survey at an ambulatory surgery center (ASC), it was discovered that a gamma-detection probe used on intact skin was also used in conjunction with a sterile sheath on sterile tissue during invasive procedures. Low-level disinfection (LLD) was performed in between use. Although LLD was appropriate after use on intact skin according to the Spaulding Classification, the end user incorrectly perceived, and was reinforced by the vendor, that a sterile sheath negated the need for sterilization after use on sterile tissue.

      Methods

      To understand the scope of the issue, 81 areas that order sterile ultrasound probe covers were specifically asked how probes were used and reprocessed to assess whether appropriate reprocessing was occurring. A multidisciplinary group was formed to review the probes’ instructions for use (IFU), identify solutions to correct inappropriate reprocessing techniques including education and resource procurement, and formulate a plan to implement the standard of care across the health system.

      Results

      A risk assessment was created outlining the reprocessing method required for ultrasound probes based on its intended use in addition to its previous use. Reprocessing changes were made to 9 ultrasound probe types used in 2 hospitals and 2 ASCs.

      Conclusions

      Asking whether an ultrasound probe “touched” mucous membranes or sterile tissue to assess compliance with reprocessing was incomplete due to end-users’ misunderstanding of the effect a sterile sheath had on reprocessing requirements. End-users’ believed the device was not “touching” mucous membranes or sterile tissue if a sterile sheath was used. By changing the phrasing of the question to include how the probe is used, our health system was able to successfully identify probes that required a higher level of reprocessing based on the intended use of the probe.
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