The benefits of animal assisted therapy (AAT) in both inpatient and outpatient settings
has long been recognized in the improvement of health and well-being. Most AAT hospital
programs have policies and protocols around testing, vaccination and grooming that
must be done prior to a hospital visit. However, beyond the realm of dogs, most facilities
do not have defined strategies for other animal visits. Our facility was approached
to expand our AAT program to include a mini-horse. Due to limited publications on
the safety of barn animals in healthcare settings, our infection prevention (IP) department
collaborated with laboratory medicine to determine if the mini-horse was a carrier
for human pathogens.
Pre and post-visit eSwabs of three visits were collected on the mini-horse (about
1.5 hours apart) from five sites: oral, nasal, armpit, coat and rectal. Swabs were
plated onto several different media for overnight incubation at 35°C. Any colonies
which grew on these plates were subsequently identified using matrix-assisted laser
51 colonies were identified from the different media. Of these, 14 (28%) were found
to be of the opportunistic human pathogens Acinetobacter baumanii, Escherichia coli
and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Species of Acinetobacter, Pseudomonas, Staphylococcus
and Streptococcus that are found in humans, animals, and the environment were also
identified. Additionally, 10 (20%) colonies were unable to be identified.
Our study identified that mini-horses can carry potential human pathogens and as such,
proper IP practices should be followed prior and after visits. Additionally, petting
locations should be minimized in hospitals to avoid breaches in protocol.