Advertisement

Risks of exposure to microbial contamination in eyewash stations

Published:November 18, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2022.11.009

      Highlights

      • Eyewash stations are important safety equipment characterized by long water age.
      • Significant increases in microbial contamination were detected in eyewash stations.
      • Eyewash stations may serve as potential sources of pathogen exposure.
      • Proper eyewash flushing was effective in reducing microbial contamination.

      Abstract

      Emergency eyewash stations are important safety equipment characterized by long water age. Significant increases in microbial contamination were detected in eyewash stations with water ages longer than 1 day. Enterobacter and Mycobacterium were identified in high abundance in eyewash stations with prolonged water age, suggesting eyewash stations as potential sources of pathogen exposure. Proper eyewash flushing was shown to be an effective practice to mitigate risks of exposure to microbial contaminants from eyewash use.

      Key Words

      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Subscribe:

      Subscribe to American Journal of Infection Control
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect

      References

        • International Safety Equipment Association
        American National Standard for Emergency Eyewash and Shower Equipment.
        ANSI standard, 2014: Z3581 (Institute ANS)
        • Zheng M
        • He C
        • He Q.
        Fate of free chlorine in drinking water during distribution in premise plumbing.
        Ecotoxicology. 2015; 24: 2151-2155
        • Lautenschlager K
        • Boon N
        • Wang Y
        • Egli T
        • Hammes F.
        Overnight stagnation of drinking water in household taps induces microbial growth and changes in community composition.
        Water Res. 2010; 44: 4868-4877
        • Ling FQ
        • Whitaker R
        • LeChevallier MW
        • Liu WT.
        Drinking water microbiome assembly induced by water stagnation.
        ISME J. 2018; 12: 1520-1531
        • Liang J
        • Swanson CS
        • Wang L
        • He Q.
        Impact of building closures during the COVID-19 pandemic on Legionella infection risks.
        Am J Infect Control. 2021; 49: 1564-1566
        • Swanson CS
        • Dhand R
        • Cao L
        • Ferris J
        • Elder CS
        • He Q
        Microbiome profiles of nebulizers in hospital use.
        J Aerosol Med Pulm Drug Deliv. 2022; 35: 212-222
        • Quast C
        • Pruesse E
        • Yilmaz P
        • et al.
        The Silva ribosomal RNA gene database project: Improved data processing and web-based tools.
        Nucleic Acids Res. 2013; 41: 590-596
        • Bolyen E
        • Rideout JR
        • Dillon MR
        • et al.
        Reproducible, interactive, scalable, and extensible microbiome data science using QIIME 2.
        Nat Biotechnol. 2019; 37: 852-857
        • Loret JF
        • Dumoutier N.
        Non-tuberculous mycobacteria in drinking water systems: a review of prevalence data and control means.
        Int J Environ Health. 2019; 222: 628-634
        • Falkinham JO
        • Pruden A
        • Edwards M.
        Opportunistic premise plumbing pathogens: increasingly important pathogens in drinking water.
        Pathogens. 2015; 4: 373-386